A cantata (from the Italian word to sing) is a short piece with a solo vocalist, a choir, and musical accompaniment. One composer closely associated with the cantata is Johann Sebastian Bach (although his works would have been written slightly outside of the Renaissance period).
What are the parts of a choir called?
The choir usually sings in four parts: soprano, alto, tenor and bass:Soprano is the highest voice part, and is suitable for women and boys (before their voices break).Alto is usually sung by women, but can be sung by male countertenors.
What is a piece of music for voices called?
Vocal music is a type of singing performed by one or more singers, either with instrumental accompaniment, or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing provides the main focus of the piece. Music without any non-vocal instrumental accompaniment is referred to as a cappella.
What era is choral music?
The Baroque style - one of the richest traditions in Western music - emerged during the late 16th century and lasted well into the 18th. Italy was the source of this new impulse, which soon spread across Europe, and the period was one of contrasts and innovations.
What are the four parts of music?
Certain key elements are what all music is based on – melody, harmony, rhythm, and dynamics – that are essential in establishing the essence of music. As with anything, there is an elemental basis for the composition of music.
When did choral music start?
Music for divided choirs, or cori spezzati, was developed in the early 16th century and reached a peak of excellence in the late 16th- and early 17th-century works of Giovanni Gabrieli.
How many parts are in music?
As a complete chord is composed of four sounds, there are also four principal parts in music, of which the highest is called, soprano, and is sung by the voices of women, children, or musici ;  the three other parts are the haute-contre, the tenor, and the bass , which are all voices of men.