Dangers and risks In an earthquake, most people are injured or die from falling buildings, debris and fires. If the earthquake causes a tsunami, many deaths are from drowning. The violent shaking can fracture structures. Once weakened, buildings collapse.
What are some hazards or dangers that come with living near earthquakes?
Earthquakes cause landslides, mudslides, surface rupture and liquefaction of the soil. Learn about geologic hazards in your community and structural threats to your home.
What are earthquake risks?
Earthquake risk is the probable building damage, and number of people that are expected to be hurt or killed if a likely earthquake on a particular fault occurs. Earthquake risk and earthquake hazard are occasionally incorrectly used interchangeably.
What is the earthquake risk zone?
Among these, Zone V is the most seismically active region and zone II is the least active. According to Modified Mercalli scale, the seismic zone intensity are classified as zone II (low intensity zone), zone III (moderate intensity zone), zone IV (severe intensity zone) and zone V (very severe intensity zone).
Why is it dangerous to live in an area near fault lines?
The danger of living near fault lines Living near fault lines is inherently dangerous but difficult to avoid. The dangers people face include not only tremors but also other threats: Widespread smoke and ash can pollute the air and block out the sun for miles in every direction.
Where are high risk earthquake zones?
The 16 states with the highest earthquake hazard from natural earthquakes are Alaska, Arkansas, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
What do you do if your house is near a fault line?
Before an EarthquakeKnow your risk. Research the area and find out if you live near an active fault line. Retrofit and reinforce your house. Create a disaster plan. Plan a weeks worth of supplies for each person. Stay away from hazards. Take cover in a safe place. Stay inside. Be prepared for aftershocks.
What are the three effects of earthquake?
The primary effects of earthquakes are ground shaking, ground rupture, landslides, tsunamis, and liquefaction. Fires are probably the single most important secondary effect of earthquakes.