What were the 4 main reasons castles were built?
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of ...
How did the invaders breach the castle?
Invaders smashed the walls with battering rams and launched heavy stone projectiles and flaming projectiles at and over the walls. They used catapults, trebuchets (heavy sling weapons) and ballistae (large mounted crossbows). Another way to bring down castle walls was to mine under them.
Where are castles usually located?
Location: Castles were usually built on top of a hill if one was handy. That way, the guards would spot attackers approaching. If there was no hill, a castle would be built at the ford of a river, or the entrance to a bay or harbor. But hill tops were best.