Description of Measure: The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is a self-report measure of depression in older adults. Users respond in a “Yes/No” format. The GDS was originally developed as a 30-item instrument.
What does the depression scale measure?
Depression rating scales are standardized instruments that measure the severity of depression symptoms during a period of time. The scales provide descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression symptoms.
Is Geriatric Depression Scale diagnostic?
Geriatric depression scale (GDS) is one of the most commonly used instruments for screening the older adults for depression. The current review was done to determine the diagnostic accuracy of various forms of GDS for screening of depression among older adults.
What is the best measure of depression?
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is the most widely used self-rating scale, developed in 1961 by Aaron Beck based on symptoms he observed to be common among depressed patients. The BDI consists of 21 items of emotional, behavioral, and somatic symptoms that takes 5–10 minutes to administer.
Why is the Geriatric Depression Scale used?
The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was designed specifically to screen for depression in geriatric populations. Therefore, it taps the affective and behavioral symptoms of depression and excludes most symptoms that may be confused with somatic disease (e.g., slowness, insomnia, hyposexuality) or dementia.
How do you assess depression in older adults?
Older adults can be screened for depression using an instrument such as the PHQ-2, PHQ-9, Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, or Geriatric Depression Scale.
Self-assessment toolsPatient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) This is a 9-question tool that can help you begin to explore whether the feelings, thoughts or behaviors you may be experiencing could be depression. Genderalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) Insomnia Severity Index. Sleep Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ)
Which is not measure of depression?
Relative measures include coefficients of range, quartile deviation, variation, and mean deviation. Hence, Quartile is not the measure of dispersion.
Who can use Geriatric Depression Scale?
The scale is a 30-item, self-report instrument that uses a Yes/No format. It can be used with healthy adults, medically ill adults, and those with mild to moderate cognitive impairments. The GDS is frequently used in acute, long-term, and community settings, often part of a comprehensive geriatric assessment.
What is considered a positive depression screening?
A score of ≥10 on the PHQ-9 is considered a positive depression screening and warrants an intervention (eg, diagnosis, referral, pharmacotherapy management).
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is widely used to screen for depression and to measure behavioral manifestations and severity of depression. The BDI can be used for ages 13 to 80. The inventory contains 21 self-report items which individuals complete using multiple choice response formats.
The more common screening tools will be reviewed in this topic, including the following:Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS)Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)Major Depression Inventory (MDI)Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) •Dec 23, 2018
Which measure of dispersion is most useful?
Which measure of dispersion is the best and how? Standard deviation is the best measures of dispersion, because it posseses most of the characterstics of an ideal measure of dispersion.