Anorexia nervosa, often called anorexia, is a type of eating disorder. People with anorexia eat so little that they have unhealthy weight loss and become dangerously thin. They may think they are overweight or fat even when they are underweight or thin. Anorexia affects more girls and women than boys and men.
What is anorexia nervosa and what are its effects?
Overview. Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight.
Who becomes anorexia nervosa?
The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unknown. However, the condition sometimes runs in families; young women with a parent or sibling with an eating disorder are likelier to develop one themselves. Then there are psychological, environmental, and social factors that may contribute to the development of anorexia.
What is the impact of anorexia?
People with severe anorexia may suffer nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. This can lead to nerve affected conditions including the development of seizures, confused thinking and extreme irritability and numbness or odd nerve sensations in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy).
What are the social effects of anorexia?
Having a social life can be difficult for people with an eating disorder. When people develop eating disorders they can become more distant and start to spend more time alone. This can make their harmful thoughts or low self-esteem worse.
What is an appropriate goal for a patient with anorexia nervosa?
Goals of Eating Disorder Treatment Restoring patients to a healthy body weight. Stabilizing accompanying symptoms and medical conditions of the eating disorder. Reducing or eliminating negative behaviors including bingeing, purging, and compulsive exercise. Building self-esteem and improving body image.