Question: Does Kawasaki disease affect the brain?

Kawasaki disease is a systemic vasculitis and may affect cerebral function acutely.

Is Kawasaki disease neurological?

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limiting systemic vasculitis that predominately affects children. Neurological involvement is a known complication of KD, however, its association with KD severity remains elusive.

What is the serious complication of Kawasaki disease?

Without prompt treatment, Kawasaki disease can damage the coronary arteries and the heart muscle itself in as many as 1 in 4 children. Over the first few weeks, a weakening of a coronary artery can result in enlargement of the vessel wall (an aneurysm).

How is Kawasaki disease transmitted?

How is Kawasaki syndrome spread? Little is known about the way a person gets Kawasaki syndrome or how it spreads. It does not appear to be transmitted from person to person. Since outbreaks occur, it may be caused by an infectious agent.

Does Kawasaki disease affect growth?

Conversely, if cognitive or behavioral sequelae are not found, parents can be reassured that the effects of acute Kawasaki disease on the CNS are transient and unlikely to have an effect on future development.

Which are the most serious complications for a child with Kawasaki disease?

If Kawasaki disease is left untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as inflammation of the blood vessels. This can be particularly dangerous because it can affect the coronary arteries--the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle--causing coronary artery aneurysms to develop.

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