In September 1945, Chinas long and bloody war with Japan finally came to an end - millions had died and thousands of foreigners were held in internment camps. As Japan surrendered, my great-uncle was sent to Shanghai to find out what had happened to British citizens trapped during World War Two.
Did the Chinese defeat the Japanese in ww2?
In 1940, the Chinese nationalists seemed close to defeat and Japans vision of a Great East Asia Co‑Prosperity Sphere (a Japanese-dominated Asian new order) looked closer than ever to achievement. Somehow, the rump independent China survived and, against considerable odds, became one of the victorious allies in 1945.
Why was Japan against China in ww2?
Japan viewed Chinas steps toward reversing the damage of the previous century as a threat to its control of Manchurias railroads and of the Kwantung Leased Territory. Losing anything to China was seen as unacceptable, because of course the Japanese had spent the last 50 years desperately trying to avoid being China.
Why was China defeated by Japan?
The war grew out of conflict between the two countries for supremacy in Korea. Korea had long been Chinas most important client state, but its strategic location opposite the Japanese islands and its natural resources of coal and iron attracted Japans interest.