In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. When this happens, your bodys water levels rise, and your cells begin to swell. This swelling can cause many health problems, from mild to life-threatening.
What is the most common cause of hyponatremia?
Hyponatremia may occur with normal, increased, or decreased extracellular fluid volume. Common causes include diuretic use, diarrhea, heart failure, liver disease, and renal disease. Hyponatremia is potentially life threatening.
How do you raise your sodium level?
Options include:Intravenous fluids. Your doctor may recommend IV sodium solution to slowly raise the sodium levels in your blood. Medications. You may take medications to manage the signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, such as headaches, nausea and seizures.23 May 2020
How long does it take to correct hyponatremia?
In patients with severe symptomatic hyponatremia, the rate of sodium correction should be 6 to 12 mEq per L in the first 24 hours and 18 mEq per L or less in 48 hours.
Does drinking too much water cause hyponatremia?
Drinking excessive amounts of water can cause low sodium by overwhelming the kidneys ability to excrete water. Because you lose sodium through sweat, drinking too much water during endurance activities, such as marathons and triathlons, can also dilute the sodium content of your blood.