Rendaku (連濁, Japanese pronunciation: [ɾendakɯ], lit. sequential voicing) is a phenomenon in Japanese morphophonology that governs the voicing of the initial consonant of a non-initial portion of a compound or prefixed word. While kanji do not indicate rendaku, they are marked in kana with dakuten (voicing mark).
How do I learn rendaku?
That means rendaku wont occur if the second word already has a voiced consonant or handakuten in it—i.e., it doesnt start with g, z, d, b, or p. The second word (ひと) does not have a voiced consonant, so it does rendaku. Similarly, the second word (とき) does not have a voiced consonant, so it does rendaku.
What is a Jukugo word?
The definition of yojijukugo is somewhat murky since the Japanese word jukugo (熟語, literally ripe/mature/popular word) can linguistically mean compound, idiom, or phrase. Yojijukugo in the broad sense simply means any Japanese compound words consisting of four kanji characters.
What is Sokuon in Japanese?
The sokuon (促音) is a Japanese symbol in the form of a small hiragana or katakana tsu. In less formal language it is called chiisai tsu (小さいつ) or chiisana tsu (小さなつ), meaning small tsu.
What is Okurigana Japanese?
Okurigana (送り仮名, Japanese pronunciation: [okɯɾigana], accompanying letters) are kana suffixes following kanji stems in Japanese written words. They serve two purposes: to inflect adjectives and verbs, and to force a particular kanji to have a specific meaning and be read a certain way.
How many phonetic sounds are there in Japanese?
The phonology of Japanese features about 15 consonant phonemes, the cross-linguistically typical five-vowel system of /a, i, u, e, o/, and a relatively simple phonotactic distribution of phonemes allowing few consonant clusters.
What is bushu in kanji?
In written Japanese, a radical (bushu) is a common sub-element found in different kanji characters. Kanji are the equivalent of letters in Arabic-based languages like English. Japanese is written in a combination of three scripts: hiragana, katakana, and kanji.
How is tsu used in Japanese?
The small tsu creates “double consonants” (this means two non-vowels put together, like tt or kk or pp). In Japanese, youll remember, theres almost no way to create a double consonant unless you are using “n” (but lets pretend that doesnt count).
What is okurigana example?
They serve two purposes: to inflect adjectives and verbs, and to force a particular kanji to have a specific meaning and be read a certain way. For example, the plain verb form 見る (miru, see) inflects to past tense 見た (mita, saw), where 見 is the kanji stem, and る and た are okurigana, written in hiragana script.
What is kun reading?
Simply put, on-reading (On-yomi) is the Chinese reading of a kanji character. The kun-reading (Kun-yomi) is the native Japanese reading associated with the meaning of a kanji.
What exactly is kanji?
Kanji (漢字), one of the three scripts used in the Japanese language, are Chinese characters, which were first introduced to Japan in the 5th century via the Korean peninsula. Kanji are ideograms, i.e. each character has its own meaning and corresponds to a word. By combining characters, more words can be created.