History. The first reference to the Shikoku pilgrimage appears in documents from around the 12th Century, however, specific temples or routes are not mentioned. The present pilgrimage consisting of the 88 temples is thought to have been formed between the late 16th and 17th Century.
When was Shikoku made?
According to the Kojiki mythology from the early 8th century, which describes the creation of Japan by the gods, Shikoku was the second island created in the Japanese archipelago, after Awaji Island. In the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki, the island is called Iyo no Shima.
How many Shikoku are there in the world?
Shikoku (四国, literally four provinces) is one of the five main islands of Japan. Shikoku is the second-smallest main island after Okinawa. It is 225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide. It has a population of 3.8 million (as of 2015, 3.1%)....Shikoku.Native name: 四国Ethnic groupsJapanese18 more rows
Why do people do the Shikoku pilgrimage?
If walked, the entire route is about 1,200 kilometers long which allows one to experience the abundant natural surroundings of Shikoku and presents visitors with numerous opportunities to mix with local people. This pilgrimage provides the an opportunity to reflect on ones life and to change for the better.