Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type. These are spread by blood-feeding insects such as black flies and mosquitoes. They belong to the group of diseases called helminthiases.Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms
What causes the disease filaria?
Filariasis is an infectious tropical disease caused by any one of several thread-like parasitic round worms. The two species of worms most often associated with this disease are Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. The larval form of the parasite transmits the disease to humans by the bite of a mosquito.
What is elephantiasis caused by?
Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes. Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system.
What are the symptoms of Wuchereria bancrofti?
Signs and symptomsFever.Inguinal or axillary lymphadenopathy.Testicular and/or inguinal pain.Skin exfoliation.Limb or genital swelling - Repeated episodes of inflammation and lymphedema lead to lymphatic damage, chronic swelling, and elephantiasis of the legs, arms, scrotum, vulva, and breasts.Jun 21, 2018
What disease does Wuchereria bancrofti cause?
There are three different filarial species that can cause lymphatic filariasis in humans. Most of the infections worldwide are caused by Wuchereria bancrofti. In Asia, the disease can also be caused by Brugia malayi and Brugia timori.
What are the four filarial worms?
General Concepts.Introduction.Lymphatic Filariae Wuchereria Bancrofti and Brugia Malayi.Onchocerca Volvulus.Minor Filarial Infections.Dirofilaria Species.Dracunculus Medinensis.References.
Is elephantiasis hereditary?
Symptoms include swelling of affected areas (lymphedema) and thickening and hardening of the skin in affected areas. In most cases, hereditary lymphedema is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
Which organ is affected by elephantiasis?
The arms and legs are the areas most often affected. An entire arm or leg may swell to several times its normal size resembling the thick, round appearance of an elephants leg.
How can I prevent lymphedema in my legs?
One way to reduce your risk of getting lymphedema is to protect your skin from getting hurt or infected as much as possible. This is because the cells that fight infection go to the area where you hurt yourself and cause swelling. Your legs may not be able to drain this added fluid.