A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing (heat-seeking) surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile.
How do you counter an infrared missile?
Conventional countermeasures to an IR missile threat include jamming systems which confuse or blind the IR missile using either IR lamps and/or IR lasers.
Are flares effective against missiles?
Flares are one effective and simple way to deflect heat-seeking missiles, but military fleets rely far more on infrared jamming systems. Safer over populated areas than burning flares and perhaps a bit more effective, jamming devices deflect manpads by exploiting the way that the missiles track their targets.
How do infrared jammers work?
Jammers blind the missile to the target aircraft by bathing the seeker head with intense infrared radiation that washes out the aircrafts own signature. Once a manpads lock has been broken and the missile has overshot the target, the seekers field of view is too small for the missile to reacquire the target.
Are heat seeking missiles still used?
Missiles which use infrared seeking are often referred to as heat-seekers since infrared is radiated strongly by hot bodies. That works only if the pilot is aware of the missile and deploys the countermeasures, and the sophistication of modern seekers has rendered them increasingly ineffective.
Can a Stinger missile shoot down a jet?
The reason we hear so much about the Stinger in these contexts is because the Stinger missile is an extremely effective weapon for shooting down aircraft. The missile uses an infrared seeker to lock on to the heat in the engines exhaust, and will hit nearly anything flying below 11,000 feet.
Do flares work against heat-seeking missiles?
Traditional flares—burning pyrotechnics that are dropped from aircraft to fool incoming missiles—will not be effective against the latest missile infrared guidance technology, he said.
Does infrared have radiation?
Infrared (IR) is a type of electromagnetic radiation, including wavelengths between the 780 nm to 1000 μm.
How accurate are heat-seeking missiles?
Heat-seekers are extremely effective: 90% of all United States air combat losses over the past 25 years have been caused by infrared-homing missiles. They are, however, subject to a number of simple countermeasures, most notably by dropping flares behind the target to provide false heat sources.
Can helicopters dodge missiles?
A flare or decoy flare is an aerial infrared countermeasure used by a plane or helicopter to counter an infrared homing (heat-seeking) surface-to-air missile or air-to-air missile. The aim is to make the infrared-guided missile seek out the heat signature from the flare rather than the aircrafts engines.
Can a Stinger missile hit a tank?
The Stinger is a hit-to-kill weapon, meaning it always tries to physically impact the enemy target before it goes off. That turns the skin of the targeted aircraft into shrapnel that rips through the rest of the aircraft, maximizing damage to engines, fuel tanks, and even the pilots.
Do flares show up on radar?
They do not emit detectable radar, and they are generally fired from behind, directly toward the engines. In most cases, pilots have to rely on their wingmen to spot the missiles smoke trail and alert of a launch.