Which is the hottest wind?
1. Sirocco, Southern Europe. Also known as scirocco, this warm, humid wind originates over North Africa and picks up moisture as it crosses the Mediterranean towards southern Europe.
What is the name for a hot wind?
Sirocco. A sirocco is a hot desert wind that blows northward from the Sahara toward the Mediterranean coast of Europe. More broadly, it is used for any kind of hot, oppressive wind.
Where does the Scirocco wind come from?
Sirocco winds originate in hot, dry air over the Saharan desert. They pick up dust as they blow northward over North Africa. This dust is then carried offshore and over the southern Mediterranean Sea causing reductions in visibility.
What is a dry wind?
Dry wind is a part of a greater natural phenomenon—drought. Typically dry winds occur in the arid temperate regions. The criterion of dry wind is a combination of air temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity. Dry winds cause damage to agriculture in arid areas.
What four things cause weather conditions?
Weather can be defined as the condition of the atmosphere at any given time and place. Weather conditions are determined by six major factors: air temperature, air pressure, humidity of the air, amount and kind of cloud cover, amount and kind of precipitation, and speed and direction of the wind.
Is Monsoon A wind?
A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.
Why is harmattan wind called Doctor wind?
The Harmattan blows during the dry season, which occurs during the months with the lowest sun. On its passage over the Sahara, the harmattan picks up fine dust and sand particles (between 0.5 and 10 microns). It is also known as the doctor wind, because of its invigorating dryness compared with humid tropical air.
What does a strong wind do?
Strong Winds: determines the intensity of a hurricane. Strong winds are the most common means of destruction associated with hurricanes. Their sometimes continuous barrage can uproot trees, knock over buildings and homes, fling potentially deadly debris around, sink or ground boats, and flip cars.
What are cold winds called?
Mistral A cold, dry wind blowing from the north over the northwest coast of the Mediterranean Sea, particularly over the Gulf of Lions. Also called CIERZO. Norte A strong cold northeasterly wind which blows in Mexico and on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. It results from an outbreak of cold air from the north.
What is a gale?
A gale is a strong wind, typically used as a descriptor in nautical contexts. The U.S. National Weather Service defines a gale as 34–47 knots (63–87 km/h, 17.5–24.2 m/s or 39–54 miles/hour) of sustained surface winds. The 90 knots (170 km/h; 46 m/s; 100 mph) definition is very non-standard.
What would happen if the monsoons are weak in a year?
When the summer monsoon is late or weak, the regions economy suffers. Fewer people can grow their own food, and large agribusinesses do not have produce to sell. Governments must import food. Electricity becomes more expensive, sometimes limiting development to large businesses and wealthy individuals.
How is monsoon wind formed?
The air over the land gets heated and rises. This causes the winds to flow from the oceans towards the land, which gives rise to Monsoon winds. The pressure difference in adjoining areas gives rise to air movement which leads to the formation of Monsoon winds.