Afghanistan is part of the Eurasian plate. Crustal earthquakes are most abundant in and around northeastern Afghanistan as a result of the northward subduction of the Indian plate (fig. 4). Crustal earthquakes are somewhat less abundant in much of the transpressional plate boundary with India.
Why is Afghanistan so tectonically active?
Pakistan into Afghanistan. In contrast to the very low rate of volcanic activity, Afghanistan suffers from frequent and intense earthquakes caused by the violent tectonic forces the colliding Arabian and Indian plates into Eurasia.
How common are earthquakes in Afghanistan?
In Afghanistan there are partly large earthquakes with strengths of more than 7.0, which cause damages within a radius of over 100 kilometers. Measured by the size of the country, earthquakes do not occur very frequently. Since 1950 more than 12500 people died by direct consequences of earthquakes.
What are the reasons for the occurrence of earthquake?
The tectonic plates are always slowly moving, but they get stuck at their edges due to friction. When the stress on the edge overcomes the friction, there is an earthquake that releases energy in waves that travel through the earths crust and cause the shaking that we feel.
Which part of the country has the most number of active volcano?
Indonesia Indonesia has the highest number of active volcanoes in the world and is one of the places in the world that are located within the Pacific Ring of Fire.
What tectonic plate is Europe on?
Eurasian Plate The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate which includes most of the continent of Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the traditional continents of Europe and Asia), with the notable exceptions of the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Chersky Range in East Siberia.
Does Afghanistan have earthquake?
The largest earthquake in Afghanistan: today: 4.2 in Jurm, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. this week: 4.2 in Jurm, Badakhshan, Afghanistan. this month: 5.1 in Chubek, Khatlon, Tajikistan. this year: 5.9 in Murghob, Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan.
Is Afghanistan earthquake prone?
Afghanistan is located in a seismically active region, and earthquakes pose a significant threat to many parts of the country, including a number of densely populated urban areas. Jalalabad is in an area of similar seismic risk to Kabul and has historically experienced more large-scale earthquakes than Kabul.
How do you determine the magnitude of an earthquake?
Magnitude is expressed in whole numbers and decimal fractions. For example, a magnitude 5.3 is a moderate earthquake, and a 6.3 is a strong earthquake. Because of the logarithmic basis of the scale, each whole number increase in magnitude represents a tenfold increase in measured amplitude as measured on a seismogram.
How many seismic zones are in Pakistan?
five seismic zones According to it, Pakistan is divided into five seismic zones (Zones 1, 2A, 2B, 3, and 4) considering the severity of seismic hazard; zone 1 is the lowest, and zone 4 is the highest seismic zone. ...